In recent years, research activities related to the development and use of Artificial Intelligence algorithms (machine learning and deep learning) have experienced exponential growth, with real impacts across various application domains. This exceptional level of interest spans multiple disciplines and research communities, accompanied by strong media attention reflecting the global trends in AI-related research activities.
Given the inadequacy of existing regulatory frameworks and the need for uniform regulation at a transnational level, the European Parliament has initiated a reflection process. In just a few months, this process will culminate in the definition of acts (regulations and directives) that will necessitate engagement from national legislators and all legal practitioners.
This inevitable engagement calls for both ex-post perspectives, focusing on defining liability for damages caused by AI systems, and, more importantly, ex-ante measures. These measures should emphasize risk management, prevention, and the development of applications designed to operate in an ethically and legally compliant manner.
The idea behind establishing the interdepartmental TRAIL laboratory arises from the belief in the necessity of a close dialogue between bioethicists, legal experts, medical professionals, technologists, engineers, and data analysts. This dialogue is essential for the pursuit of Trustworthy AI, focusing on the reliability and ethical use of Artificial Intelligence.
The objectives that TRAIL aims to achieve:
- To establish a place for studying and experimenting with cross-cutting aspects related to the reliability (trustworthiness) of solutions developed through current AI systems, in light of and in compliance with ethical principles and existing regulatory frameworks.
- To be a driver of educational initiatives, teaching activities, and conferences aimed at enhancing competencies and raising awareness of professional roles in relation to AI systems.
- To act as a proposing entity or play a qualifying role in formulating proposals for research funding at the national and international levels.
- To serve as a reference point for third-mission activities, such as research contracts and training, support for the creation of university spin-offs, and assistance with patent-related activities.
- To promote scientific and outreach initiatives.